Urine retention in cats
Urinary retention in cats and the most important symptoms and how to deal with it
If you like cats raising, then of course you have heard about the state of urine retention in cats in the vicinity of your acquaintances, friends, or perhaps you have already experienced urinary retention in your pet.
Before we start listing the details of the article, you should know that urine retention in cats is one of the high-frequency emergencies, and that the disposal must be fast and accurate.
Any delay or negligence in treating cases of urine retention in cats may put your friend’s life in extreme danger
What is urine retention in cats?
We can define urine retention in cats by not being able to urinate or excluding the contents of the bladder outside the animal’s body
This may be total or partial retention, meaning that the animal is completely unable to empty the contents of the bladder or urine, or that it urinates in the form of simple drops while a large amount of urine remains trapped inside the bladder
What is the danger of urine retention in cats?
Regardless of the terrible pain your pet may experience in this situation, however, urine retention in cats may pose a great risk to the cat
The urine that is collected in the bladder and the body gets rid of it periodically, contains high levels of mineral salts and harmful substances in the body
Failure to get rid of urine increases the concentration of these substances and may expose your body to a chronic kidney disease such as kidney failure or blood poisoning with these harmful substances that may lead to the life of your pet
Symptoms of urine retention in cats?
- The cat urinated in small amounts of urine
2- Difficulty urinating with screaming during the urination process
3- Excess number of urination times in cats than normal daily rate
4- The cat is frequently present near the litter box without urinating
5- Urinate the cat in a place other than the litter box
6- Swelling under the cat’s stomach
7- loss of appetite and refusal to eat completely
8- The presence of some blood drops in the litter box
9- Excessive licking of the genital area
Causes of urine retention in cats?
Urinary retention in cats is due to several causes, including physiological and pathological
The most important physiological reasons for urine retention in cats:
- Stress or extreme fatigue in cats: Stress in cats can cause the muscles controlling the bladder wall to contract, which presses the bladder to empty its contents
- The cat does not get adequate quantities of clean fresh water constantly
- Follow a diet that does not contain a suitable level of water or contains a high percentage of salts, which leads to an increase in the concentration of harmful mineral salts in the cat’s body and then urine retention in cats
- Litter Box: The cat litter box may not be suitable for her, and there are several possibilities:
- Use a non-grain litter type of cat from the sand
- Put the litter box in a noisy or busy place
- Poor ventilation
- Do not clean the litter box regularly
The size of the litter box is not suitable for the cat, it can be very large or very small
- Lack of training in the use of the litter box
Pathogenic urinary retention in cats
- cystitis: due to a bacterial infection or increased concentration of salts in the urine
- Bladder stones
- Urinary obstruction
- Chronic kidney disease
- Formation of tumors in the urethra
- Diabetes in cats
- Thyroid hormone imbalance
Does urine retention in cats mean urinary tract obstruction in cats?
Urinary tract obstruction in cats is a disease that may affect the urinary and reproductive system and result in urine retention in cats
However, you should understand that urine retention in cats is a symptom that results in infection of any urethra
The reason may be that the kidneys are unable to function normally and filter the blood from excess mineral salts and harmful substances
Who is more likely to have urinary retention, male or female?
As a result of anatomical formation, males are more likely to have urinary retention rates in cats
It does not affect whether the cat is sterile or has not undergone sterilization
As the urethra or urethral channel is characterized by its relative length and narrowness, which makes it more susceptible to urinary duct infections and consequently urinary duct obstruction and urinary retention in cats.
Is there a specific age when urine retention occurs in cats more?
While urine retention in cats can occur at any age, it usually appears in middle-aged cats, and overweight cats who do little exercise,
Also, a cat that uses an indoor litter box, or has little access to the open air is more likely to have urinary retention in cats
Factors such as emotional or environmental stress, multi-cat families, and sudden changes in the daily routine may also increase your risk of developing urine retention in the cat.
What are the most important emergency actions that you can provide to your pet if he is exposed to urine retention?
Consult your veterinarian as soon as possible. Urine retention in cats is an emergency that must be promptly and accurately disposed of.
The vet will perform an initial internal examination, and sense the bladder area of the cat to determine the size of urinary bladder filling.
You must give the cat’s case history of health to the vet very precisely, as this will help in identifying the problem and how it will behave quickly to solve it.
The vet may do some research and laboratory analysis to determine and diagnose the condition
It may require an X-ray or ultrasound to determine the severity of the problem
The treatment plan often includes:
- Use a urinary catheter through the opening of the urethra or either through the blockage itself, or by using pulses from the cleaning solution to move the stopper back to the bladder where it can be thawed
- The urine collection bag is often attached to the catheter so that urine output can be measured.
Sometimes, the bladder is filled with sterile liquid and expelled several times as a form of rinse to remove crystals, inflammatory debris and blood from urethritis.
Conducting a surgical endoscope to discover and extract the cause of blockage in the urethra, if it is stones, tumors, or whatever.
- Often a cat with a severe urinary retention in cats can be extracted from the jaws of death by supporting appropriate fluids and re-producing urine by installing intravenous solutions that help increase the fluid level needed to rebalance the body.
It is surprising how well the kidneys are working to restore the body’s balance. However, it is important to realize that this is a serious condition and not every cat can be saved
- Treatment of urinary infections often depends on the severity of the infection and the organism that causes the infection, and may include treatment with fluids, / or urine and / or antibiotics.
- It may be necessary for your pet to stay in the clinic of the specialized veterinarian or the specialized veterinary hospital for a few days, and it may extend to a week or more for the purpose of observing and ensuring that the genitourinary system returns to working properly
Can urinary retention in cats be repeated?
Urine retention in cats is often accompanied by high rates of recurrence, but these rates can be reduced by following nutritional advice and getting appropriate amounts of water.
If repeated episodes of urinary retention occur in cats in spite of proper treatment, then in some cases this may be required surgery (called perineal urethrostomy) or surgical urethral enlargement to help open and widen the narrow scope of the urethra
. This should not be considered as a first line of treatment although it does not deal with the underlying cause, and surgery can sometimes be associated with complications such as the risk of formation of urethral stenosis and an increased risk of bacterial urinary tract infections
How can I avoid urinary retention in cats?
Urinary retention can be avoided in cats, as well as to avoid the reasons for this in the first place
In general, there are some key points that can avoid urinary retention in cats, including:
1- Providing the appropriate environment for your pet to live away from the causes of stress or stress, which could be the cause of urine retention in cats
2- Attention to providing the ideal litter box for your cat, it must have some characteristics that encourage your cat to use it, such as:
- To be constantly clean
- It contains sand type suitable for your pet
- In a suitable place away from noise and movement a lot
- Use a suitable litter box for the cat
3- Keep providing clean, pure water for your cat constantly. Dryness of the cat’s body can be the reason for not urinating properly and urine retention in cats.
4- Make sure to provide a balanced diet for your pet
5- Follow these tips and any advice from your veterinarian, and you can rest assured that you have done everything possible to protect your cat from urinary obstruction.