The New Coronavirus and pet Animals
New Coronavirus and pet Animals
The outbreak of coronavirus pneumonia in people in China has raised new global concerns of the coronavirus (called SARS-Cove 2) or (Covid N- 2019) as a global threat to public health … and aslo pet breeders who are wondering what the relationship between the new coronavirus and pet animals
In this article, we will address the origins of the new corona virus and some information about it and answers to questions about the relationship of the corona virus and pet animals.
The origin of the new coronavirus:Coronavirus and pet Animals
The new coronavirus was identified after cases of pneumonia were reported for an unknown reason in December 2019, initially diagnosed in Wuhan, the Chinese capital of Hubei Province.New Coronavirus and pet Animals
Thousands of cases have already been detected in China, and the disease has been exported by travellers to many other countries.
Initially, there was no clear evidence of infection from person to person. However, in the past few weeks, from person to person the prevalence of SARS-Cove-2 has been confirmed by respiratory drops.
In January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) temporarily named the new virus as (n-cov2019) or (new coronavirus 2019) However, on February 11 it was finally named SARS-Cov-2 and the resulting disease was named The virus named “Coronavirus Disease 2019” is short for “COVID-19”.New Coronavirus and pet Animals
More cases of the disease are reported daily in China and elsewhere, but the source of the disease is still unknown.
Currently, there is no evidence to point to a specific animal as a host of the virus, and further investigations are ongoing.
Coronavirus belong to the Coronaviridae family, and alpha and beta corona viruses usually affect mammals, while gamma and delta viruses infect birds and fish.New Coronavirus and pet Animals
Corona dogs, which can cause mild diarrhoea and feline corona virus, which can cause feline peritonitis (FIP), are both alpha viruses. These viruses have nothing to do with the current Corona virus outbreak.
The latest information and tips about human infection can be found on the following
World Health Organization
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
The most recent animal health information can be found at the following website:
World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)
What is the most important information that was known about the new Corona Virus??
1- The new Corona Virus is large in size with a cell size of between 400 and 500 micros, so any medical mask prevents it from entering the body.Coronavirus and pet Animals
2- The virus, due to its large size, does not remain suspended in the air, but rather settles on the ground and surfaces.
3- When it falls on a metal surface, it remains coexist until 12 hours, so hands should be washed with soap and water periodically when it comes into contact with any surface.
4- The new Corona virus can live on clothes for up to 9 hours, so when entering the house, you must expose your clothes to the sun for two hours or wash them directly, and that will be enough to eliminate it.
5- The virus lives on the hands for a period of 10 minutes. Therefore, the hands should be sterilized periodically with alcohol and not to be in contact with the face so that you do not transfer the infection to yourself from any contaminated surface.
Common questions about the new corona virus and pet animals relationship:
Can pets be infected with the new coronavirus (COVID-19)?
At this time, experts believe that the pet is not likely to contract the new Corona virus.
The World Health Organization confirms that there is currently no evidence to suggest that dogs or cats can become infected with the new coronavirus.
OIE says there is no evidence that dogs play a role in the spread of this disease or that they are ill. The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) takes this view, stating that at this time, there is no evidence that accompanying animals including pets can spread “COVID-19”
If experts believe that pet animals are unlikely to get COVID-19, how has the dog test been “positive” in Hong Kong?
This dog was in close contact with an infected person, who was likely to shed and produce large amounts of the virus and this led to the virus being present in the dog’s nose.
There is no indication that the dog is sick or showing any symptoms. The authorities say they will continue to quarantine and test the dog to assess whether a dog patient suffers from the disease. In short, there was a coronavirus on the dog just like there was a coronavirus on the floor in the room, but the dog was not infected or ill.
The dog was placed under quarantine after its owner was hospitalized with a COVID-19 infection on February 26.
Subsequent tests revealed poor positive results for the nasal and oral samples taken on February 28 and for nasal samples on March 2 and March 5.
Hong Kong’s health authorities and the World Organization for Animal Health are continuing to investigate. All pet mammals from families with confirmed human cases of COVID-19 will be placed under quarantine and veterinary monitoring for 14 days in Hong Kong. There is still no indication that pets can get rid of the virus with its droppings or the fluids it produces, such as droplets, saliva, or getting sick from the virus at this time.
The isolated former positive dog was released in Hong Kong on March 14 after negative tests. The dog died two days later. No anatomy was performed on a 17-year-old dog, but it is possible that the dog died due to causes other than COVID-19 because it has never shown any clinical signs of the disease.
Although pets cannot get sick from the new Corona virus, can they serve as a source of infection among people?
Veterinarians believe that the risk of transmission will be low. The new corona virus lives longer on hard and non-living surfaces (such as glass and metal) compared to soft surfaces (such as fur) due to the presence of pores and fibers that trap and absorb the virus.
However, the animals that live with sick individuals must be kept away from other people and animals (in quarantine at home), just as people who live with sick individuals should avoid contact with others.
Is there a COVID-19 vaccine for dogs and cats?Coronavirus and pet Animals
There is no vaccine for COVID-19 for people or animals at this time.
But many dogs are vaccinated, for example, for other types of coronavirus (Canine Coronavirus) such as puppies. However, this vaccine does not go beyond protection for COVID-19.
What animal originated from COVID-19?
Current research indicates that horseshoe bats are the source of the virus that also originated from this type SARS and MERS, originated in bats but passed through other species, such as camels.
If I am diagnosed with COVID-19, how do I protect my pet?
Since your pet is at low risk of developing COVID-19, there are no specific steps required to protect it from infection. However, pets can carry the virus on them if they are in an environment with a large amount of the virus and can be a source of the virus to other people, including family members.
Therefore, to protect other people and yourself, the CDC recommends that you restrict contact with pets if you are sick with COVID-19, just as you restrict your connection with other people.
Avoid snuggling, kissing, licking animals, and sharing food.
If you have to interact with your pet, wash your hands before and after wearing a face mask.
Should a pet wear a face mask in public?
No. Facial masks may not protect your pet from transmission of diseases and may cause other breathing difficulties.
Should I wear a face mask?
Wearing a surgical mask will not prevent anyone (human or animal) from being exposed to the virus. The mask should be used to prevent a potentially contagious person from transmitting the virus to others through drops through coughing, sneezing or speaking.
Will COVID-19 have any effect on food safety?Coronavirus and pet Animals
Since pets cannot be infected with the virus, there is no threat to food safety.
How do I protect myself from the new Corona virus and pet animals, what precautions should I take with them?
Since your pet is at low risk of developing COVID-19, there are no specific steps required to protect it from infection.
To protect yourself, the CDC recommends the following steps:
1- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds!
2- Avoid touching the eyes, nose, and mouth.
3- Avoid close contact with patients.
4- Stay home when you are sick.
5- Cover the cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw it away.
6- Cleaning and disinfecting things and surfaces that you touch frequently.
Voluntary household isolation: If you are sick with symptoms of respiratory diseases, such as fever, cough, shortness of breath, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body pain, headache, chills, fatigue, and stay at home. The CDC recommends staying at home for at least 24 hours after a fever (100 degrees Fahrenheit or 37.7 ° C) or fever signs without using fever-reducing medications.
There are some special tips for cleansing the area from the new corona virus and pet animals shedding:Coronavirus and pet Animals
- Do not spray chlorine on the ground without drying until your child is not exposed to chlorine poisoning
- Do not use chlorine at its full concentration, dilute it and use a piece of clean cloth or wipes to wipe the handles and surfaces, you should use a new piece of tissue every time and make sure to dry it well to prevent poisoning.
- Do not mix chlorine with any other type of disinfectant to avoid toxic chlorine gas rising, which causes many respiratory problems that may lead to hospitalization or death to the extent of God.
- groom you pet animals regularly, bath them, and trim their hair constantly so that it is not a source of infection with any other diseases that may affect immunity in general.
May you and your family be well, healthy and happy … calling on the Almighty to remove the epidemic and protect us all from the evil of diseases.