Pregnancy in dogs and how to take care of your dog
All your dog needs in order to have a safe pregnancy and Nursing period
Whether you are thinking of breeding your dog or looking to care for a pregnant dog, understanding what is involved in dog pregnancy is essential, and knowing what to expect at every stage means that you can rest assured that you are providing your dog and its puppies with the best possible care. pregnancy in dogs pregnancy and Nursing
We offer you a comprehensive guide to everything you need during pregnancy, Parturition, and Nursing, as well as weaning in dogs
Pregnancy in dogs:
- The period of gestation in dogs is approximately 63 days, or about two months. Much happens during this short period of time.
- If you know the date of your dog breeding or mating, your veterinarian can do an internal examination starting approximately 28 days to see if your dog is pregnant.
- Abdominal palpation is difficult and should not be tried without the help of a veterinarian, as it may damage puppies. Bags lose their distinctive shape after one month, which is why the timing of this test is so important
- Alternatively, the veterinarian can perform an ultrasound examination between 25 and 35 days of pregnancy to determine if your dog is pregnant. Ultrasound can also detect the fetal heart rate, which gives you an estimate of the number of puppies carried by the bitch. pregnancy in dogs
- During the first month, fertilized eggs travel to the uterine horn, where they establish themselves in the lining and begin to grow.
- By the end of the first month, the veterinarian can detect a fetal heartbeat, and development will accelerate until the second month as embryos develop into recognizable dogs
How to consider your dog during pregnancy in dogs
- Good Nutrition: One of the most important things you can do for a pregnant dog is making sure that she has the proper nutrition. If your dog is already eating good dog food and has a healthy weight, you will not have to make any changes to his diet in the first part of her pregnancy unless directed by the vet otherwise.
- With her weight gain in the last five weeks of her pregnancy, we recommend increasing her food intake gradually, so she consumes 35 to 50 percent more than usual. Increase your intake slowly and feed your small, frequent meals because larger meals can cause discomfort
Know what food is allowed for dogs .. and what is the harmful food for them??
- Doing exercise: Your dog can still exercise during most of her pregnancy, but you should not engage in any strenuous or strenuous activity after 4-6 weeks of pregnancy. It is best to limit exercise to gentle walking in the last half of pregnancy in dogs. pregnancy in dogs
- Always contact your vet if you have any questions or concerns about your dog’s health.
Contraindications to pregnancy in dogs:
- Some medications can be dangerous to unborn puppies and can cause birth defects and even death. For example, veterinarians usually advise to keep your dog away from any medications throughout the dog’s pregnancy
- Talk to your veterinarian about flea and tick treatments for your dog and their risk for these parasites. Your veterinarian will recommend an appropriate product if treatment is indicated.
- Your veterinarian may recommend removing worms during the last third of your dog’s pregnancy. Fenbendazole is usually considered safe for pregnant dogs and can treat worms that can pass from dog to puppies.
- Do not give any medications, treatments or supplements without a prescription to your dog without asking the vet if it is safe during pregnancy.
- Do not immunize your pregnant dog. Talk to your veterinarian about vaccinations if your dog is pregnant and late for vaccinations.
- If your dog is taking long-term medications for a chronic disease, talk to your veterinarian immediately to determine whether you should continue or discontinue the medications.
The most common problems of pregnancy in dogs: pregnancy in dogs
1- Eclampsia: eclampsia may occur due to a lack of calcium in the blood, since the fetus needs huge amounts of calcium during the pregnancy to form bones and grow their bodies
- eclampsia also occurs as a result of an increase in the level of calcium in the blood, as breeders give the pregnant dog high-calcium meals or use the drugs unnecessarily and without consulting a specialist doctor, thinking that the dog needs calcium due to the need of the fetus, but in fact that this leads to an adverse effect, The body indicates that the level of calcium in the blood is in excess of the need and it stops calcium absorption and eliminates calcium in the blood, and therefore a high decrease in the amount of calcium in the body
2- Gestational diabetes: Gestational diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or does not use the insulin it produces.
- Gestational diabetes management is critical to the health of both mother and baby. The vet will perform blood tests to determine glucose levels and prescribe insulin injections as needed. Diabetes treatment requires strict nutrition, adequate protocols for insulin injection, and serious monitoring of blood glucose levels.
- The good news about gestational diabetes is that it quickly disappears as soon as the little puppies are born
3- Inflammation of the mammary glands and nipples of the breast: the mammary glands swell towards the end of pregnancy with the start of milk production. Nursing is usually smooth, but mothers sometimes develop mastitis, a painful condition due to inflammation or infection of the mammary glands. Mastitis occurs most of the first two weeks after birth. Dogs and cats have multiple nipples associated with milk glands and mastitis that can affect any or all of them.
Parturition in dogs: pregnancy in dogs
- A few days before giving birth, your dog will likely start to feel anxious and immobile. She is looking forward to making the nest.
- You must provide her with a box, ideally, the size of the box should be proportional so that your dog can get in and out of it, and also enough for the number of puppies.
- A laundry box or small swimming pool for children can be suitable as a nest in a dog
- Fill the ‘nest’ with old towels, blankets or sheets. Never use anything you hope to use again, because giving birth tends to be messy work
- Birth marks can be observed on your dog, including:
- Decrease in body degree to 37.8 ° C
- Frequent urination, gasping and digging in her “nest”.
- There is usually a dark green discharge from the vagina. This means that the placenta has separated and that the mother is ready to give birth. If discharge appears and puppies are not born after a few hours, contact your veterinarian for assistance. pregnancy in dogs
- The mother dog can usually deal with parturition alone. She will pup, remove them from the membrane that surrounds the fetus, chew the umbilical cord and start cleaning them.
- Placenta removal: After each small puppy the placenta should appear. If it does not appear, it may result in injury to the mother. Make sure you’ve seen a placenta for every puppy. Do not be alarmed if the mother takes some or all of the placenta. This is completely normal and safe.
What are the problems of parturition in dogs and how to deal with them quickly?
- Contact the veterinarian as soon as possible in the cases:
- If there is more than one hour between births in the puppies
- If the mother suffers labor and contractions, but the puppies are not born
- If there are fewer puppies than expected, one of them may be stuck in the birth canal
- If your dog is or is not for the first time or does not seem to know what to do, is exhausted, or is in the midst of the birth of another puppy, there are some things that you can do. If the puppy is not already out, remove it from the covering film.
- If you need to cut the umbilical cord, take a piece of strong string and tighten it around the umbilical cord one inch from the puppy’s body. Tie another narrow loop down away from the first loop, then cut the umbilical cord with clean scissors. pregnancy in dogs
- Pinch the back of the puppy and try to make it cry. Screaming will remove liquids from the puppy’s airways.
- If you have a small pipette to clean the eyes, you can use it to gently suck the liquid onto the puppy’s nose.
- Calculate and record the number of puppies and ensure that it is equal to the number of placentae after birth, if the mother’s body does not get rid of the placenta after each birth you should contact the veterinarian immediately
- When the birth ends, encourage the mother to get out to stretch her muscles and relax herself.
- Clean towels and blankets and replace with clean ones. Then leave your new mom alone with the new puppies.
Does the dog need special care after parturition?
Once puppies are born, your dog may have a changing appetite for the first few days
- She may also have black green diarrhea, especially if she ingested fetal membranes during childbirth.
- Clean the place of birth and sleep of the dog constantly
- Avoid unnecessarily loud noise and disturbance during breastfeeding. During breastfeeding a puppy, this is the time when you may become excited, anxious or even aggressive
- Provide meals throughout the day as well as clean fresh water
Complications after parturition in dogs
1- Postpartum diarrhea: Swallowing the placenta may cause diarrhea in the new mother. Stress may also be a contributing factor. However, the soft stool should calm down after a few days. About 1 to 2 teaspoons of pure canned pure pumpkin can help stool the stool . pregnancy and Nursing
2- Anorexia: It is also normal for the mother dog to refuse food after birth. They are exhausting, with many puppies who tend to eat, but eating may be the last thing on the mother’s mind. You should resume eating 24 hours after the last puppy is born. Fresh water should be available at all times.pregnancy and Nursing
3- Frequent panting: childbirth can be very stressful and the mother may be exhausted. Add the heat generated by the buildup of all of these puppies around and you will get the perfect recipe for a hot and tired dog. Blankets, blankets, and warm bottle water may also increase the temperature of the mother’s body
- It may also be due to dog uterine contraction during the first two weeks after labor. Therefore, if the panting is occasionally and not heavy, if the rectal temperature of the mother dog does not suggest fever, and if the mother and puppies are feeding and behaving normally, then the panting can be considered normal.
4- Secretions: After birth, expect the mother dog to have brown / black / dark green secretions known as “lochia” for a few days. These secretions, dark green / black, are a natural thing soon after birth in dogs, Lucia should be green soon after giving birth and then turn rust color 48 hours after birth. This secretion should not have any smell, nor should the disease show the mother dog. pregnancy in dogs
Nursing in dogs:
- Once the mother cleans the little puppies, the puppies instinctively crawl into her mother’s womb and there she will quickly restore the lost body heat and begin to breastfeed. pregnancy and Nursing
- Puppies should be breastfed within the first two hours after birth and should be fed for up to 15 minutes every few hours thereafter.
- Milk produced by the mother for the first day or two after childbirth is called “colostrum”. Colostrum is rich in vitamins and low in lactose, and most importantly, it contains antibodies to mothers that provide protection against a variety of diseases. Failure to provide these antibodies endangers the lives of the pups. Puppies can absorb these objects
Stages of growth of young puppies after birth:
- Today 2 – 3 the umbilical cord is cut off pregnancy and Nursing
- Day 10 Puppies should double their weight at birth
- Today 10-14 the eyes will open now
- Today 13-17 ears will be opened pregnancy and Nursing
- Today 16-18 starts with standing and walking
- Day 18: Develop the ability to urinate and stool without the assistance of their mother
- Today 20 puppy teeth begin to appear
- Today 21 the nervous system will have developed enough to allow learning new skills.
How to take care of small puppies during the nursing period in dogs
- Puppies lack the means to control their body temperature during the first three days of life; their ability to control their temperature will improve slowly over the next few weeks of life.
- Puppy must be protected from drought and cold, and the temperature in the environment should be as follows – during the first week 29-32 ° C, the second week 26-29 ° C, the third week 23-26 ° C and the fourth week 23 ° C
- In the case of puppies that rely on external milk replacer or food supplement, it is necessary to stimulate the genital area of the puppy using wool or cotton tissue to stimulate the passage of urine and feces after each meal.
- Newborn puppies rely on this stimulus to dispose of their waste in the first 18-21 days of their lives.
- Puppies can be born with worms or become infected shortly after birth. Roundworm is able to cause death in newborn puppies, and worms can cause pneumonia, intestinal obstruction, and diarrhea.
- Hookworms rupture small blood vessels in the wall of the small intestine, which leads to blood loss and anemia leading to death if it is severe enough. Worm newborn puppies from two weeks of age, and repeat worms doses every two to 12 weeks of age. pregnancy in dogs
Weaning in dogs pregnancy and Nursing
- Weaning usually occurs between 5 and 6 weeks of age.
- Talk to your veterinarian about the most appropriate foods to wean puppies. With weaning, it is about trying 5-week-old puppies with new foods every day, and some puppies will be faster than others to accept solid foods, but young children 6-7 weeks old should be weaned
- Start separating puppies from their mother for an hour, two, or three times a day. Take the mother to another part of the yard or home. Leave the puppies with their food bowls. They will undoubtedly mourn at first. Ultimately, they will learn that food containers contain delicious and healthy food. You mimic the process that occurs in the wild, so don’t feel bad . pregnancy and Nursing
- At approximately 7 weeks of age, your puppy should be completely weaned. They should also eat puppy food and drinking water
What kind of food should I provide during weaning in dogs?
- During the weaning process, it is a good idea to feed the puppies the same high-quality puppy food that they will eat throughout their development from the start.
- Make sure to moisten the food with warm water or a dog milk substitute to create an attractive soup porridge for their delicate taste. pregnancy in dogs
- Puppies under the age of six months must be fed 3 times daily; after 6 months, they can be fed twice daily
- Soak the puppy’s dry food with milk replaceable for dogs and place it in a large, shallow frying pan when the puppies start walking at about 3 weeks of age. The puppy must be accessible. They will not be able to reach the food, if you use a large, deep bowl