How to take care of your cat during pregnancy and Nursing pregnancy in cats
All your cat needs in order to have a safe pregnancy and Nursing period
Your little cat has grown and started moving to the motherhood stage, as she is now in the pregnancy stage in cats, and you have moved with her to a greater stage of fun and responsibility in one
There is nothing more fun than having a pregnancy, waiting for the little ones to arrive, playing with them and enjoying their innocence
In order for this stage to pass safely, you must understand well what are the requirements for the period of pregnancy, as well as the way to take care of the mother cat and the young cat after birth
The period of pregnancy in cats pregnancy in cats
- Cats are very similar to humans, as cats have peak fertility times when they can become pregnant – this is known to be in mating season or in estrus. Cats can enter the mating season approximately every three weeks, so there are many opportunities for your pet to become pregnant.
- The period of pregnancy in cats usually lasts between 63 to 67 days, but it can be difficult to know exactly how long the cat lasts. The period of pregnancy for cats can vary from 61 days to 72 days
- Your cat (queen) often does not show any physical symptoms of pregnancy until a few weeks have passed since she became pregnant. If you think your cat is pregnant, take her to the vet for confirmation
- Estrus cycles usually stop during pregnancy in cats, but sometimes they continue. If mating occurs again during pregnancy, this may lead to more embryos and cats are born from different parents in the same pregnancy.
- The veterinarian can diagnose pregnancy with abdominal palpation from about three to four weeks old, or with ultrasound. Pink color – enlargement and redness of nipples – can be seen from about three to four weeks of pregnancy in cats
What are the requirements for pregnancy in cats?
1- Balanced, peaceful feeding: During pregnancy, a cat needs a healthy, balanced diet that contains vitamins, minerals and calcium, which are important for fetal development. The cat may need 25% more food than usual, especially in the last (4: 3) weeks of pregnancy. pregnancy in cats
- Wet food is a healthier option than dry. If you choose dry food, look for one with the highest quality ingredients possible.
* Provide the cat with food in the form of multiple small meals throughout the day, pressing her stomach from the little cats makes it difficult for her to eat a lot of food every time, but she needs additional food. Offer her small meals four to six times a day.
- Be careful not to over feed your pregnant cat during the first weeks of pregnancy. Yes, she needs a lot of good nutrition for her and her kittens. However, cat food contains the extra calories and nutrients it needs. If she becomes overweight, it may cause problems for her and for small cats.
2- Continuously adequate quantities of pure water
3- With the pregnancy hormones coming into effect, your cat will need more love and care from you, remember that emotional care has a major impact on your cat during the pregnancy
4- Keep your cat away from stress and strain as much as possible, especially in the last weeks before birth
Not to do during pregnancy in cats pregnancy in cats
- Medicines, vaccinations and worms’ doses are often prohibited as much as possible during pregnancy.
- Vaccinations should be carried out before pregnancy, so that antibodies are already present and can be transferred to young cats through breast milk.
- The same applies to getting rid of worms: this must also be done before the mating season, so that young children are not infected through breast milk.
- Treatments and medications to remove worms: Ideally, worms must be disposed of before pregnancy. If not, this should happen during pregnancy at the latest, so that milk is free from worms and there is no risk of the cat being infected by the mother.
- Never heal or treat your cat without consulting your vet – who will be able to advise you on the correct medication for pregnant animals.
What to do if your cat has a health problem during the pregnancy in cats?
Most cats often go through a safe pregnancy period, and health problems have few rates of occurrence during the pregnancy period in cats, but you must be prepared in emergencies with the number of the nearest veterinarian or veterinary hospital
Possible health problems in pregnancy include:pregnancy in cats
1- Eclampsia: depletion of calcium in the bloodstream can lead to eclampsia, a life-threatening disease, which can sometimes occur during the later stages of pregnancy or immediately after birth due to consuming high levels of calcium to make milk. Calcium supplement can help prevent this potential problem, especially when caring for a pregnant stray cat, whose previous diet was without a doubt.
2- spontaneous abortion: The poor health of a pregnant cat or a specific infection may lead to fetal abnormalities, which will be aborted spontaneously. Usually, the mother’s body absorbs the embryos simply and no symptoms occur. Or the fetus may be born dead without symptoms or previous signs. If symptoms appear, they may include fever, vaginal bleeding, inability, and depression pregnancy in cats
3- Absorption or resorption: It is an interesting phenomenon where the mother (queen) cat system completely absorbs the dead fetus. Rarely, there are no external symptoms when resorption occurs. If cats are born less than expected, a visit to the vet is necessary to ensure that no embryos are left inside the queen
Parturition in cats:pregnancy in cats
- When the mother cat (the Queen) approaches birth, she will begin searching for a safe and quiet place to start nesting. This usually begins a day or two before birth.
- You can prepare a cardboard box or laundry basket by filling it with blankets and putting them away in a safe and quiet area in your home. However, the cat may not decide to use it. As with most cats, they will do whatever they like.
- Your cat may choose to give birth in the most inappropriate places. If there are areas in the home that you would like to keep outside the Queen’s boundaries, be sure to close these areas during the last week of her pregnancy. Also make sure that she cannot reach outdoors as she may sneak away to the nest in a place you can’t find.
- The cat may also behave without worry or even as the date of birth approaches in cats. This is completely normal. Just do your best to keep her comfortable and give her space. This will end soon
- A near Parturition in cats is usually characterized by the secretion of milk from your cat’s nipples. If you monitor your cat’s temperature, it usually drops below 38.9 ° C just before birth. pregnancy in cats
- Once your cat chooses the area where she will give birth, it is best to leave it alone and monitor it from a safe distance. Fortunately, most cats do not need significant human intervention. However, she may need help if she is in distress.
- Keep track of the time between each birth and make sure you know how many cats you expect.
- When a kitten is born, membrane or amniotic sac should be torn already. It is the thin membrane that surrounds each fetus separately. The mother usually helps them in this task. If you don’t do this, you need to cut it yourself very carefully to free the cat
- The mother cat will lick its cats as soon as they are born to stimulate their breathing. If the mother is too exhausted to do so, or is distracted by another birth, it may be up to you. Gently rub the cat with a towel as the mother licks it. The little cat should be turned so that its face is facing down, as this will help remove fluids from the airway.
- Placenta removal: After each kitten, the placenta should appear. If it does not appear, it may result in injury to the mother. Make sure you’ve seen a placenta for each cat. Do not be surprised if the mother takes some or all of the placenta. This is completely normal and safe. pregnancy in cats
What are the problems of parturition in cats and how to deal with them quickly?
- Contact your vet if your cat has pronounced contractions for more than 30 minutes without a cat being born.
- Also call your veterinarian if more than two hours have passed without the next cat being born.
- If a small cat remains in the birth canal without being pushed out for more than a minute or two, it is best to bring the cat to the vet.
- If the mother cat’s body does not get rid of the placenta for every cat immediately after birth, take her to the vet quickly
- The mother cat usually chews the umbilical cord. If not, you should help. Tie a piece of strong string tightly around the rope within an inch of the body of the little cat and tie another ring of thread in the top of the rope, then cut between the two rings using sharp scissors.
- Contact the veterinarian’s office for advice if anything else seems wrong
special care after parturition in cats? pregnancy in cats
- Your new kitten must undergo a veterinary examination within approximately one day after the kittens are born.
- Avoid separating mothers and cats in the first few days. Instead, bring them all to the vet’s office for an examination.
- If you do not want your cat to become pregnant again, talk to your vet about sterilizing your cat as soon as possible. This is often done after weaning cats pregnancy in cats
- Keep your mother cat and kittens warm. The mother should use her body temperature to keep the cats warm. However, you’ll also need to make sure that its environment makes this as easy as possible. Keep warm blankets close by and room temperature high.
- If the mother is not interested in kittens, you can provide a low heating pad to help keep babies warm.
- Ensure that cats and mothers stay in a quiet place where you will not feel threatened. This can cause danger to cats and mothers
- Keep a close watch on your cat. Your cat will now need to take care of and suckling her kittens. This will require your cat to have more food, sometimes doubling, and continue to follow a high protein / calcium diet. Keep feeding your cat high-protein food, and always have access to clean water
Complications after parturition in cats:
- Your cat may still have problems after the birth. If you notice vaginal bleeding, or a prolapsed uterus (the uterus that comes out of the vagina), consult a veterinarian.
- Note abnormal behavior, such as ignoring kittens. Small cats may refuse, or if they feel sufficiently dangerous, they may kill youngsters.
- Monitor changes in appetite. If your cat does not get enough nutrients, this mother and kittens may be at risk.
- If a period of time passes and your cat does not want to eat, take her to the vet.What is appropriate eating for cats??
- Hypocalcemia: Also known as “milk fever”, it is rare in cats, but it is another veterinary emergency. This condition can be caused by a lack of calcium during pregnancy and lactation. Symptoms include stunts, muscle cramps, insomnia, and excessive gasping. As the mother recovers, cats should be fed by hand with milk substitutes
- Pyometra: is a severe infection in the uterus. It is also a veterinary emergency. The mother cat usually has normal vaginal discharge after she is born. However, if you notice foul-smelling secretions, this is a red sign. Other symptoms include lethargy, fever, and loss of milk production. The mother cat may have to be hospitalized for treatment and may need an emergency sterilization.
- Inflammation of the breasts and nipples: a bacterial infection in the milk ducts, which occurs when the production of the mother’s milk is blocked by the inflamed mammary glands. Nipples become swollen and hot, with visible “bruises”, and the mother cat may refuse to allow cats to breastfeed. Inflammation of the breast is a veterinary emergency. A cat usually needs antibiotics to fight the infection. Cats may need to be fed manually for the cat to recover.
Nursing in cats:
- Once the kittens are born and cleaned, they crawl into the mother’s nipples and start breastfeeding immediately
- It is important to allow the mother cat and young children some time together pregnancy in cats
- The period of nursing in cats lasts for approximately 8 weeks
- Milk substitutes can be used if necessary, the mother cat is weak or very thin, or young cats do not get an ideal weight. Consult your veterinarian to know the appropriate types of milk substitutes
How to babysit kittens during the nursing period in cats:
Your responsibility is now greater, so you should take care of young cats as well. To facilitate this task, you have a few tips:
1- Write down the arrangement and weight of the kittens at birth
2- Give them names. Take a picture (camera or smartphone), so you can more easily match data later.
3- If the cats look the same, then recording data can be difficult later on, while diversity in appearance
It makes things a lot easier, pregnancy in cats
4- Use the digital scale to measure the cat’s weight. The weight should double after about a week. The daily increase in weight will be from 10:20 grams. Consult your doctor if this is not the case.
5- At birth, the cat is protected with antibodies that she previously acquired from her mother’s body, but at the age of 8 weeks you can vaccinate the kittens for the first time.
6- Give the worms doses to control the vet. Consult your vet about this
Weaning in cats:
- The weaning in cats process begins from the age of (4: 6) weeks and the young cats have reached the stage of total weaning at the age of (8:10) weeks
- Once the kittens open their eyes and begin to walk and move around the mother, you can serve the external food so that they can taste and start eating the food next to the breast.
- Often the mother cat is fully responsible for the weaning process, but you can help in this matter by separating the kittens from the mother for several hours per day with the provision of food, water and a litter box next to them, they will start to depend on themselves, eat and discover the world around them
What type of food should I provide during weaning in cats?
- Create a meal by mixing high-quality dry or canned cat food with a cat milk substitute until it becomes texture like oatmeal.
- When your cat gets used to eating, gradually reduce the amount of milk substitutes you add, while slowly increasing the amount of cat food. pregnancy in cats
- For five to six weeks, kittens should only eat a little moist food. Now you can start leaving small amounts of dry food and fresh water at all times.
- At the age of (8:10) weeks, kittens should be used to eating cat food that is not whipped