Dogs

Kennel Cough in Dogs Symptoms Treatment

How to protect your dog from Kennel cough

Kennel Cough in Dogs – Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention

If you are planning to travel on vacation or spend some time away from home on a business trip, for example, then of course you will prefer to board your dog at a kennel until you return home, but have you thought that your dog might caught the infection of kennel cough in dogs or might carry the infection to the rest of your pets

You may have heard a dog coughing in some summer or after returning from daycare, but if you do not pay attention, your dog may be in danger.

In the next few lines, we will try to list everything related to kennel cough disease, what are its stages, severity, and how to be prevented and treated

What is Kennel cough in dogs?

  • Dog cough is the common name for the canine infectious tracheobronchitis in dogs and is caused by a respiratory infection caused by a number of bacteria and viruses.
  • Pathogens attack the cilia lining the respiratory tract and causing inflammation in the upper airway (the upper respiratory tract of the dog including the trachea and throat). This leads to irritation of the airways and a dry cough. It also makes the animal more susceptible to secondary bacterial infection.
  • Although kennel cough is more common during the summer, it can happen at any time.
  • Usually, the infection is not serious and usually goes away without treatment within a few weeks
  • Aside from coughing, the infection is not likely to make him feel ill
  • But puppies, older dogs and those with critical medical conditions can be vulnerable to cough complications in dogs, such as pneumonia
  • kennel cough has an incubation period of 2 to 14 days

Who are most susceptible to kennel cough?

  • Kennel cough in dogs can affect almost any dog.
  • Since it is transmitted by both airborne droplets and / or physical contact,
  • Dogs of any age can develop it.
  • Kennel coughing is more dangerous in very small dogs (less than six months) and in large dogs, as well as in dogs with immune deficiency. Parvovirus in dogs

What does kennel cough in dogs look like?

  • One of the most obvious symptoms of a dog cough is strong and severe cough, which often appears as if your dog has something stuck in his throat.
  • Coughing can be dry, rough, or productive (with sputum), in which case it can be followed by gag, swallowing movement, or mucus production.
  • It differs from a cough-like sound known as reverse sneezing, which is common in some strains and occurs due to irritation in the throat.
  • This voice can often be confused with coughing, choking, sneezing, swelling, or gasping for breathing.

Are there other symptoms of kennel cough in dogs besides a cough?

  • kennel cough is a gradually increasing disease, and its effects can slowly worsen over several days or weeks before any symptoms become noticeable.
  • Some of the most obvious symptoms include:
  1. Typical viral symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, or red eyes
  2. General weakness or lack of energy
  3. Loss of appetite or thirst
  4. Low fever

How do dogs get kennel cough?

  • kennel cough in dogs is highly contagious and can be easily transmitted from one dog to another.
  • When dogs cough, bacteria and viruses circulate in the air and can spread quickly to other animals.
  • It can also be transmitted in dog toys, food containers or other common things.
  • If you think your dog has kennel cough, keep it away from other animals to limit its spread
  • Many dogs get infection from dog kennels 
  • There are some factors that increase the possibility of a dog coughing dogs:
  1. Being with other cough dogs
  2. Stay in crowded conditions
  3. Poor ventilation
  4. Cold temperatures
  5. Exposure to dust or cigarette smoke
  6. Travel-induced stress

Is kennel cough in dogs a serious or life-threatening disease?

  • Although a nuisance, kennel cough is often not dangerous and may not need treatment at all.
  • But in puppies, older dogs, or dogs with chronic diseases, the condition can be more serious and may develop into pneumonia.
  • Depending on the type of virus that causes the disease, some strains of infection can be more severe than others.

What is the incubation period before symptoms of kennel cough appear?

  • The incubation period is between 2 and 14 days, during which time the dog is contagious.
  • Some dogs can be carriers of a kennel cough infection for several months without symptoms

How long does kennel cough in dogs last?

  • Most dogs recover from Kennel Cough within 3-4 weeks.
  • If your dog has a weak immune system, or a young or old dog, full recovery may take 6 weeks.
  • Your dog may remain carrier for several weeks after recovery.
  • The answer depends on how long kennel cough lasts in an individual dog, but 3-6 weeks is a common time frame.

What is the treatment for kennel cough in dogs?

  • kennel cough can go away on its own – most cases go away within three weeks and require no treatment at all
  • If your dog looks cheerful and eats well, you should be able to use home remedies to make the dog more comfortable. This includes keeping the dog in a humid area and avoiding the use of a collar. Train your dog to walk using a leash and collar
  • It is a good idea to use a harness rather than a collar to walk the dog because irritation of the trachea can trigger the cough and possibly damage the trachea.
  • If you have a house with many pets and one of them showed signs of kennel cough in dogs, it is possible that all dogs at home have been injured.
  • If you are concerned about your dog, take it to see a vet. It is best to contact the clinic in advance and make it clear that you think they have kennel cough so that they can reduce the risks to other dogs.
  • Your vet may be able to prescribe antibiotics for kennel cough to target the secondary bacterial infection that accompanies the disease
  • If necessary, they may also prescribe a dog cough medicine or an anti-inflammatory to calm the dog’s throat

Can my dog ​​have kennel cough in dogs more than once?

  • Yes. There are many different strains of the virus that causes canine cough, so it is possible for a dog to catch an infection several times.
  • But if your dog becomes infected with the Bordetella strain, it will be immune from infection again for a period of six to 12 months.

Is there a vaccine for kennel cough?

The most important dog vaccination

  • Includes protection against some viruses that can cause a dog cough in puppy vaccinations.
  • These viruses include:
  1. Dog influenza virus 
  2. Canine distemper virus
  3. The dog para influenza virus
  4. canine adenovirus type II
  • Your vet can also provide a vaccination against a major bacterial cause, Bordetella – this can be a nasal spray or syringe.
  • However, because kennel cough occurs due to a wide variety of causes and strains, this vaccine cannot guarantee that your dog is protected.

How to prevent kennel cough in dogs?

  • For pet owners, kennel cough can be an expensive experience. It requires a lot of time, frequent trips to the vet, medicine and research.
  • For pet care facilities, anxiety goes beyond cost. The consequences of an outbreak can be more devastating.
  • Pet care facilities that suffer from dog cough outbreaks may need temporary closure. This means a loss of revenue, customer satisfaction and corporate reputation.
  • Although a dog cough outbreak may not be anything wrong with the facility itself, the effects can greatly hinder both business and its income stream.
  • There are two ways you can protect your business in animal welfare by being proactive in kennel cough prevention in dogs.
  1. Strict Cleansing Routine:

  • Everything must be cleansed regularly.
  • Bowls, plates, dogs, tables, toys, all equipment, etc. should be sterilized regularly using surface disinfectants.
  • Air sterilization:

  • Every kennel, shelter, rescue, veterinary clinic, beauty salon, pet store with live animal sales, a breeder, or other animal care facility should have an appropriate air purification system to eliminate floating bacteria and viruses Up in the air
  • Remember that airborne droplets are the primary method for spreading the disease. 
  • Bacteria can survive on dust particles and animal dander for some time.
  • For true effectiveness, facilities require an air purification system that has been designed and tested against pet pathogens specifically for pet care facilities.
  •  This type of system kills or disrupts the DNA of harmful and infectious microorganisms that are introduced into your building before they have the opportunity to make a mess

Can humans get kennel cough from dogs?

  • kennel cough is a type of respiratory infection, not a specific disease and has a range of possible causes.
  • Most dog viruses cannot be transmitted to humans.
  • However, Bordetella’s main bacteria can infect humans, although this is very rare and is a risk factor for people with weakened immune systems.
  • There is also little evidence that humans can become infected with bacteria from animals.
  • Cases are very rare and should not be a concern for most people

Resources: 

https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/kennel-cough-symptoms-treatment-and-prevention/

https://petairapy.com/canine-cough-kennel-cough-in-dogs/

https://petcube.com/blog/kennel-cough/

https://www.purina.co.uk/dogs/health-and-nutrition/symptoms-to-watch-out-for/kennel-cough-guide

https://www.bluecross.org.uk/pet-advice/kennel-cough

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