If the eyes are the windows to the soul, it’s no wonder that we are concerned when our dog’s eyes start to darken. After all, we don’t want your dog to lose sight or be uncomfortable. Dogs eye problems
When dogs have cloudy eyes, they may be a natural part of the aging process. But cloudy eyes may also be a symptom of a number of dogs eye problems. Trying to distinguish between what is normal and what is a problem can be tricky. Although the vet is the best source of information about your dog’s eye health, it helps in identifying the types of dogs eye diseases that can cause cloudy appearance in the eyes, and any of the eye diseases in other dogs that you can search for.
1- Cherry Eye Dogs eye problems
- Dogs have three eyelids – two that can be seen easily and one additional, called the third eyelid, usually hidden from vision below the inner corner of the eye.
- The third eyelid is home to the tear-producing gland. Usually, this gland is also invisible, but some dogs have congenital weakness in the ligaments that hold them in place.
- When these ligaments fail, the gland comes out of its normal position and looks a little like “cherry” stuck in the inner corner of the eye, which is one of the most common dogs eye problems.
- Since this condition often has a genetic basis, the eyes are usually affected over time.
- To treat cherry eye, the vet will perform a simple surgery to connect the gland again in a more natural position.
2- Corneal wounds and damage Dogs eye problems
- The surface of the eye is covered with a transparent skin-like tissue called the cornea.
- Just like the skin, the cornea can become infected, and lacerations (wounds), punctures, and ulcers are very common in dogs.
- Trauma are often blamed, such as when a dog passes through tall grass and enters the eye.
- In other cases, dogs eye problems (such as poor tear production or abnormal anatomy) can put dogs at risk of corneal damage.
- A dog with a corneal wound often rubs the affected eye with pain. The eye may also be red and have excessive discharge.
- Treating corneal wounds includes preventing or treating infections with antibiotic drops or ointments, managing pain and giving the cornea time to heal.
- In severe cases, surgery or other treatments may be needed to protect or repair the cornea and promote healing
3- Conjunctivitis Dogs eye problems
- Conjunctiva are the mucous membranes covering the inner part of the dog’s eyelids, both sides of the third eyelid and some parts of the eyeball.
- “conjunctivitis” or “pink eye” are interchangeable terms and simply mean “conjunctivitis”.
- Conjunctivitis is an infection characterized by redness and inflammation and an excessive amount of viscous eye substance secretions.
- Conjunctivitis should be considered a symptom of dogs eye diseases, not the disease itself.
- Many conditions cause conjunctivitis in dogs, including physical irritation (such as dust and eyelashes growing in), infections (bacterial and viral are most common) and allergic reactions.
- While bacterial conditions of the pink eye require prescription antibiotics, other underlying stimuli can be treated with sterile eye wash.
- Make a veterinary appointment if your dog’s conjunctivitis worsens or fails to resolve within a day or two
- Inside the eye, fluid production and drainage are balanced to maintain stable eye pressure.
- Glaucoma occurs when this balance is disturbed and pressure inside the eye increases.
- Symptoms include pain, redness of the eye, increased tear secretion, a visible third eyelid, corneal clouds, dilated pupil, and in advanced cases, the eye is clearly enlarged.
- Contact your vet immediately if you are concerned that your dog may have glaucoma because delaying treatment can further worsen dogs eye problems or blindness.
- Treatment may include a combination of topical and oral medications that reduce inflammation, absorb fluids from the eye, reduce fluid production within the eye and promote fluid discharge from the eye.
- Surgery may also be an option in some cases
- The lens is located in the middle of the eye and is usually clear, but sometimes the lens of the eye appears cloudy or dark.
- Cataracts prevent light from reaching the back of the eye, leading to poor vision or blindness, depending on the severity of the development of dogs eye diseases.
- Cataracts are often confused with the natural aging change that affects eye lenses, which is called lenticular sclerosis.
- Both cases give the pupil (usually the black center of the eye) a white, gray, or milky appearance, but the vet can tell the difference by standard eye examination.
- Cataract surgery is available to dogs when their vision is severely impaired.
- If this is not an option, it is important to realize that most dogs adapt well to poor vision.
- Some dogs have eyelids rolling inwards. This is called Entropion
- Entropion causes itchy hair on the surface of the eye, which leads to pain, increased tear production and eventual corneal damage.
- Entropion can be one of the congenital dogs eye problems (dogs are born with it), or it can develop as a result of chronic staring due to discomfort in the vision or eyelid scars.
- If the entropion occurs due to a soluble condition, the veterinarian can temporarily suture the eyelids in a more natural position (a procedure called eyelid tacking).
- It is necessary to perform surgery to repair the abnormal eyelid in other cases
7- Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
- It may be difficult to identify some dogs eye diseases. This is the case with progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), a condition that causes dogs to gradually become blinded even though their eyes look completely normal.
- Often the first symptom of PRA is difficulty seeing at night, but it is common for dogs to behave normally until their eyesight has completely disappeared and / or they are moved to an unfamiliar environment.
- Unfortunately, there is no effective treatment for PRA, but the condition is painless and the dogs adapt very well to become blind.
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