Cats

Why Hair loss in cats? treatment of cat hair loss

Why is my cat's hair falling out and what is the treatment?

Why is my cat’s hair falling out and what is the treatment?

Hair loss in cats is an integral part of the life of all cat breeders, so we all know that cats are constantly losing their hair and it is normal to find some cat hair on the sofa and clothes. However, it is important to know the difference between natural hair loss and abnormal hair loss. treatment of cat hair loss

If you suffer from abnormal hair loss in your cat’s hair and it feels disturbing for you and your pet friend and is looking for answers to your questions about treatment of cat hair loss and stop cat hair loss, I advise you and strongly encourage you to read this article.

How is hair loss in cats abnormal?

  • Experts say that cat hair loss – also called baldness in cats – can be complete or partial, and patterns may vary or be symmetrical.
  • You should know that the natural growth and growth of new hair is accompanied by old hair loss.
  • Hair falling may be abnormal (excessive) if it results in pronounced hair loss and bald spots.
  • Abnormal hair loss may be caused by a bacterial infection. However, if hair loss is not accompanied by bald spots or symmetrical hair loss on both sides of the cat, hair loss is probably just a stage in the natural replacement of the hair coat
  • The skin around the hair loss area may appear naturally, or it may show redness and scales, and loss of skin
  • Cat hair loss occurs for several reasons, the most common of which is sensitive skin.
  • Dr. Fiona Pittman, associate professor of dermatology at the Veterinary Education Hospital at the University of Georgia, says that she always sees cases of cat hair loss in her clinic regularly.
  • Treatment of cat hair loss mainly depends on identifying the main cause of abnormal hair loss

How are cases of hair loss in cats diagnosed?

  • Determining the cause of baldness may require extensive diagnostic testing due to several possible causes of the condition.
  • Be prepared to discuss your pet’s medical history, any medications or drugs your pet may have taken, and any symptoms you may have noticed.
  • The veterinarian will perform a complete physical examination with special attention to the skin condition.
  • A sample analysis of the affected area may be required.
  • Combing the hair to determine the presence of lice, mites or fleas, and examining hair at a microscopic level may provide information about the cause and then stop cat hair loss.
  • The vet may also take blood sample for a complete blood picture test and a variety of common infection tests.
  • Urine, stool or any other fluid analysis may also be required.
  • X-rays or other diagnostic imaging techniques can be used to find internal causes such as cancer

Do all cases of hair loss in cats mean baldness in cats?

  • Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss or baldness, and most cases of hair loss in cats are often accompanied by the appearance of bald areas in cat hair.
  • Alopecia may be accompanied by other symptoms such as:
  1. red or flaky / dry skin
  2. Dark spots of skin
  3. Bumps / scales on the skin
  4. Loss of hair
  5. Drink more water than usual
  6. Eating more or less than usual

What are the causes of hair loss in cats?

  • A variety of factors can contribute to cat hair loss, making it difficult to diagnose and treat this disorder. The sooner you discover hair loss, the greater the chance that your cat will be successfully treated
  • There are several different causes for cat hair loss:

1- Seasonal hair loss:

  • Hair loss occurs in cats throughout the year, but it tends to fall more in summer and autumn, known as the cat hair loss season and the change of fur.
  • If the hair loss is from all over the body, with no bald spots, then this is completely normal and quickly passes

2- Allergy:

  • The main cause of cat hair loss.
  • Your cat may be allergic to food, insect bites, medications, dust, or pollen.
  • To relieve itching, it will lick its fur until bald spots appear. It is easy to treat, but you may have to give her medicine for the rest of her life.
  • When it comes to food allergies, most cats are allergic to protein, not other nutrient sources.
  • A decomposing diet is a food that has gone through a process in which protein is divided into individual amino acid components. This prevents your cat’s immune system from identifying food containing allergens and helps stop cat hair loss

3- Parasites:

  • Fleas, mites, lice and ticks can also cause the cat to scratch and lick themselves, causing bald spots.
  • Fleas are one of the most common reasons for seeing hair loss in cats, especially in the hind leg.
  • Fleas are not fun for any cat and your cat can cause a lot of discomfort
  • Flea hypersensitivity or flea allergic dermatitis (FAD) is very common in cats.
  • Only one flea bite can cause severe and prolonged itching, which often leads to hair loss and can lead to blisters or scales open to the skin, allowing secondary bacterial infection.
  • Many cats excessively chew or lick their hair when they have fleas or FAD.
  • Hair loss around the neck, legs and tail base can also be seen along with small scales called biliary lesions
  • Since flea saliva causes the immune and allergic reaction, Preventing allergic flea bites leads to treatment for cat hair loss 
  • Cats that are kept indoors or outdoors (as garden) can become infected with fleas. It is recommended that your cat be kept on flea protection approved monthly to prevent fleas.

4-Ringworm Infection:

  • In fact, it is not a worm. It is a fungal infection cause hair loss in cats in form of bald circular spots with red spots, itching, or white, scaly infectious scales.
  • Ringworm is very contagious and can be transmitted through direct contact with fungal spores.
  • These fungi can live for up to two years, which means your cat can pick them up from any area that an infected animal has visited
  • These lesions sometimes go away on their own, but it is usually best to seek treatment with an antifungal shampoo and medication.
  • Neglecting ring worms can lead to a secondary bacterial infection as well
  • The veterinarian will perform a full examination, recommend some tests and prescribe antibiotics or antifungals to treat the infection and stop cat hair loss.

5- Stress, licking and excessive grooming

  • Cats are keen to take care of themselves and proud of keeping themselves looking clean and tidy by licking their fur regularly (grooming).
  • Sometimes the cat licks an area of ​​its body a lot, not because of itching, but because the tissue under the skin hurts, and in an attempt to relieve pain in the affected area, it may excessively grooming and exaggerating licking or even biting itself and chewing its fur.
  • As Dr. Pittman says. A cat with arthritis, for example, may constantly lick the sore joints, and licking helps relieve pain.
  • Frequent licking of the area of ​​pain is the primary cause of the appearance of hair loss in cats
  • This can lead to thinning of the fur or the appearance of complete bald spots, especially on the front feet.
  • In rare cases, excessive grooming can be a sign of a nervous disorder, especially in older cats, but, more commonly, it is stress-related behavior.
  • The stress can be caused by a change in the conditions surrounding your cat, such as introducing another pet into the house, moving to a different house, or having a baby at home

6- Hormonal imbalance:

  • Bald spots and hair loss in cats may also occur due to hormonal imbalance.
  • The specific hormones responsible for the growth of your cat’s hair, which in turn may be the reason for your cat hair loss.
  • When there is an increase or decrease in these hormones, hair loss can occur.
  • You may also find that your pregnant or breastfeeding cat loses her hair due to changes in her hormones during this period, but do not worry too much because the fur should grow over time and the period of pregnancy and nursing ends in the cats. pregnancy in cats How to take care and Nursing

7- Malnutrition

  • One of the main ways that feeding can affect the cat’s skin and hair coat is when there is a food deficiency of some kind that leads to significant hair loss in cats.
  • This often occurs when cats are fed prepared food at home over an extended period of time.
  • malnutrition can also occur when cats are fed dry, commercially poor food
  • A diet containing the main nutrient groups: proteins, fats, oils, minerals, vitamins, and carbohydrates, helps in treatment of cat hair loss
  • Since these are all general causes, it is important to visit a veterinarian to determine the underlying cause Cat Feeding Schedule  | What is the appropriate food for cats??

8- Thyroid problems:

  • problems in the thyroid gland in cats when the animal produces a lot of thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism).
  • One of the symptoms is significantly more marked bald spots or hair loss in cats.
  • Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can be detected using blood tests.
  • Treating hyperthyroidism in cats is often very simple, using medications prescribed by a veterinarian, but in rare cases, surgery may be required.

9- Genetic factors:

  • Some cats lose their hair due to a genetic condition. It is caused by the failure of hair follicles to develop.
  • hair loss in cats may appear soon after birth or shortly thereafter, or the cat may be born with a regular layer of fur and then hair loss will occur in certain areas of the body or in general in all of the cat’s body when the cat becomes adult
  • Cat owners should also realize that some cat breeds have naturally fluffy hair, especially on the tops of their heads or parts of their bodies
  • This varies between breeds, but can be seen in cats with dark fur and light skin.
  • Hair loss usually is not a problem unless complete baldness occurs.
  • Some cat breeds have no hair or fur at all, like Sphynx, and some pure strains such as Himalayans and Bengals carry genes for hair loss. Bengal cat | WHAT IS A BENGAL CAT?

10- Endocrine disorders

  • Hair loss in cats may be due to hyperthyroidism
  • If cats have hormonal imbalance and an increased level of stimulants in the body, hair follicles may die. and with abnormal hormone levels, new hair may never grow again.
  • For example, Cushing’s disease, a metabolic disorder that produces a lot of cortisol, may cause cat hair loss.

11-Medication side effects

  • Cancerous tumors
  • Fortunately, cancer is rarely the cause of hair loss
  • Tumors – a term referring to abnormal growth caused by uncontrolled cell division – may cause hair loss in cats.

What do I do if my cat starts losing her hair?

  • If you suspect your pet is sick, contact your veterinarian immediately.
  • For questions regarding the health of your cat, always consult your veterinarian,
  • The vet will examine your pet, and know the animal’s health history, and can provide the best solutions and treatment for cat hair loss.

How is cat hair loss treated?

  • Stop cat hair loss depends on knowing the main cause of the problem.
  • Once the veterinarian performs some tests, he will be able to recommend flea control or anti-fungal products if parasites or ringworm were detecting 
  • Treating allergic skin diseases can take a little longer, but with the help of your veterinarian, once you find food or the cause, a plan can be made to avoid it.
  • If hair loss is caused by a skin disorder (such as skin erosion), an underactive thyroid gland, or another hormonal imbalance, there are cat medications and topical treatments available.
  • If your cat’s hair loss is caused by a behavioral problem, the vet may prescribe anxiety medications for cats. Treating the underlying problem may prevent further hair loss, but without restoring the hair
  • In the case of cat is suspected of being overly associated with stress, the veterinarian can help determine the cause of tension and cat hair loss, as well as advise you on how to reduce it.
  • If your vet’s investigation shows that your cat excessive grooming is due to pain in the joints or bladder, it will address the underlying problem with the necessary medications. When the pain stops, the cat’s hair loss will stop, too
  • Ensure that your cat’s personal stress – whether it’s a change in its environment or another animal – is kept to a minimum to avoid excessive grooming 
  • Provide a nutritious diet, lots of exercises, and regular veterinary checks to bypass serious health problems.

Resources

https://www.merckvetmanual.com/cat-owners/skin-disorders-of-cats/hair-loss-alopecia-in-cats

https://pets.webmd.com/cats/diseases-hair-loss-cats

https://www.catster.com/cat-health-care/cat-losing-hair

https://www.petmd.com/cat/conditions/skin/c_ct_alopecia

https://www.purina.co.uk/cats/health-and-nutrition/symptoms-to-watch-out-for/hair-loss-in-cats

https://www.argospetinsurance.co.uk/we-talk-pet/bald-patches-on-cats-what-are-the-reasons-for-them/

https://www.catster.com/cat-health-care/cat-losing-hair

 

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