Why do the cats urinate outside the litter box??

Know the reasons why your cat urinates outside the litter box

Know the reasons why your cat urinating outside the litter box

It is easy to train your pet to use the litterbox, and your cat will then use the litterbox automatically, but what should you do if your cat starts eliminating outside the sandbox and everywhere in the house on your favourite sofa, carpets, or even in your bed, it might be cats urinating outside the litterbox because your pet is trying to tell you something or other reasons. We will explain them in detail. cat urinating outside the litter elimination of cats outside the litterbox

Generally, you should pay attention to the problem of elimination of cats outside the litterbox quickly and consult your veterinarian as soon as possible, as it may be a sign of a disease or the start of a serious health problem.

What are the other symptoms associated with the problem of cats urinating outside the litterbox?

 Here are some symptoms that accompany urination or elimination of cats outside the litterbox, in which they can determine the size of the problem: cat urinating outside the litter

  • Spray urine around doorways, walls, windows, or objects in the home
  • weakness
  • Increased intake of water
  • Low appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Hair loss in cats
  • Visiting the litterbox more than usual

cat urinating outside the litterWhat is the difference between spraying of cats, urinating or elimination of cats outside the litterbox?

While they are two different behaviours, they can certainly have common roots. Both can be related to stress, but the location, quantity, and purpose are usually quite different.

  • It is unclear whether the chemical composition is different or not.
spraying of cats cats urinating outside the litterbox
When your cat spray, they basically put smell marks, and make a big hint. And she was saying, “I’m here! You’re going to smell me! This thing is mine.” The causes differ from cat to cat, between pathological or physiological reasons
The spray can always be on a vertical surface, such as a wall or garden fence Urination is on a horizontal surface, such as the floor of the house, the bed, or the sofa
The cat takes a certain position, that is, the cat rests on a wall or vertical surface with the tail raised and starts urinating The cat has a regular urination position and is to squat to a horizontal surface and start urinating
Less urine amount More urine amount
The urine smell is very distinct and repellent Urine is not smell different or repulsive

Reasons for cats urinating outside the litterbox

  1. Pathology: If your cat urinates abnormally, the first step is to visit the vet. Your vet will perform a physical examination for your cat and urine sample. Depending on the results, the vet will recommend treatment to solve the problem of urinating or elimination of cats outside the litterbox. There are a number of common medical problems in cats:

1- Urinary tract infection:cat urinating outside the litter

  • Urinary tract infections are often rare in young cats, but they can be a common cause of urinary tract problems in older cats, either alone or in conjunction with other medical conditions that affect the urinary system and also lead to the problem of cats urinating outside the litterbox.
  • Bacteria in the urine may cause an inflammatory response in the urinary tract.
  • Antibiotics are used to treat a urinary tract infection.
  • The vet will likely recommend a follow-up test after the antibiotics are over to make sure the chronic kidney disease infection goes away

2- Bladder stones

  • Some cats develop stones in the bladder, which may cause irritation or obstruction of the urethra, which in turn is the main cause of the problem of urinating or elimination of cats outside the litterbox.
  • If the vet suspects bladder stones, an X-ray will be required to determine the size and amount of stones.
  • Smaller bladder stones can be dissolved by following a special diet, but larger stones may need to be removed surgically.

diet for cats with kidney diseases

  • It is common for a cat with a bladder stone to also have a urinary tract infection. If so, antibiotic therapy is necessary.

3- Idiopathic cystitis:

  • Idiopathic cystitis means the cause is unknown.
  • Cats with cystitis often have blood in their urine.
  • Urine test is essential
  • If your vet determines that your cat’s urine contains blood, but there are no crystals, bacteria, or stones, the possible diagnosis is idiopathic cystitis.
  • Idiopathic cystitis is usually treated with a mixture of diet changes.


5-Urinary tract obstruction 

Urine retention in cats

6-Metabolic diseases:

  • Metabolic diseases, such as chronic kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, and thyroid problems, can cause cats urinating outside the litterbox by increasing the amount of urine produced by the cat.
  • If your cat drinks more than usual, or if you find yourself needing to clean the litterbox more than once, your vet may want to do some blood tests to check these problems

7- Diabetes in cats:

  • Another possible cause, it could be fatal to your cat if left untreated.
  • If your cat feels unusually thirsty and runs to the litter box, but cannot get there in time, this may be the problem with urinating or elimination of cats outside the Litterbox.
  1. Mating request

Heat in cats & what are the symptoms

  • The urge to spray is very strong in non-neutered cats, and the simplest solution is to neuter it before five months of age, even before there is a problem.
  • If you have adopted an adult cat not spayed, spay it as soon as possible.
  • Neutering solves most spraying problems in cats, even in cats that have been doing this for some time. However, the longer you wait, the greater the risk of cats’ spraying  why you should spay and neuter your pet??

III. Behavioural causes: If no medical cause is found for the problem of cats urinating outside the litterbox, it is important to determine the factors that cause this problem, and from these reasons

  • litterbox

  • The litterbox may be too dirty for your cat, or it may not be cleaned periodically, resulting in a problem with urinating or elimination of cats outside the litterbox.
  • It may be completely clean but inconvenient to use. For example, the box may be too small for your cat to use it comfortably.
  • It might be in a place your cat doesn’t like.
  • If the litterbox is covered, this may disturb your cat
  • Litter may have a strong smell or annoying feel to your cat’s claws.
  • Use a litter type that is not appropriate for your cat
  • Some cats like to choose their own litterbox, so you should know which one your cat prefers.

2- Old urine smells

  • If your cat urinates in a region, the smell may remain even after cleaning the cats urinating outside the litterbox.
  • Your cat’s sense of smell is much better than your sense of smell.
  • If old urine scents remain in your home, there is a high possibility that your cat will return to the area because of the odor.

3- stress

  • Your cat may try to tell you that it is uncomfortable at home. This may be because she is dissatisfied with another animal in the house and places a mark on her territory or area of ​​influence to send a message to the other animal that this place is mine
  • Your cat may feel very dangerous to reach the litterbox if the other animal is outside.
  • Elimination of cats outside the litterbox behaviour may also appear if there is a new person in the house.
  • Cats are sensitive to the smallest changes in their environments. Regardless of the source of the stress, make sure your cat feels safe at home and that the place is quiet for her.
  • Consult your veterinarian if you intend to add a new pet to the home

4- Your cat needs more attention and love showing from you

  • If your cat urinates on beds, sofa, clothes, and generally where you spend most of your time, there may be a problem in the bond between you and the cat who need more attention and love showing from you. It tries to draw your attention to it by leaving its own mark on your things, but in its own way by cats urinating outside the litterbox, and on everything that keeps you busy.

How do I get rid of elimination of cats outside the litterbox?

  • Perhaps the most common reason that cats urinating outside the litterbox is that they hate the litterbox. If your cat is peeing everywhere and eliminating medical problems, it’s time to re-evaluate litterboxes
  • Here are 10 tips for solving a cat urinating outside the litterbox:
  1. Start by making sure that your cat’s litterbox is as clean and desirable as possible.
  2. Choose the largest possible litterbox and try to keep it uncovered. The cat may feel tight in a covered box, especially if it is a large cat or has thick hair
  3. Place litterboxes in a quiet area, but it is easily accessible.
  4. Make sure not to place it in the area where your cat eats or drinks.
  5. Make sure you have a litterbox in each level of your home.
  6. Look for the type of good cat sand your cat loves. Ideally, choose unscented sand.
  7. Many veterinarians recommend having one litterbox for each cat in addition to an additional box. This means there are two litterboxes, even in one cat’s home. One of the reasons for this is that some cats like to use one urine box and the other for feces. Another reason is to prevent competition between cats over the litterbox area.
  8. Make sure your home is a happy place for your cat. Remember to play with your cat and provide toys. If environmental changes are not effective to solve a problem of elimination of cats outside the litterbox, your vet may recommend a supplement or a prescription medication to reduce stress and anxiety in your cat.
  9. It is imperative to thoroughly clean any inappropriate areas where the cat urinates with a special detergent, to completely eliminate the smell. Otherwise, the cat may still urinate there.
  10. In general, the key to stopping inappropriate urination in cats or avoiding them completely is simply that you are responsible and attentive cat owner. Keep your cat healthy and visit a veterinarian to get routine care as soon as problems arise. Reduce stress in your cat’s environment and try to keep your pet’s home from being away from any stress 


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