Cats

Cat ear mites ? All you need to know about ear mites

What is ear mites in cats ?? and what are the symptoms ??

What is ear mites in cats ?? and what are the symptoms ??

If you see your cat scratching in her ears and shaking her head, she will likely have what’s known as cat ear mites. These parasites are common in outdoor cats and are highly contagious (although they usually do not infect humans).

They are usually not life threatening but trying an ear in cats can make life miserable for your pet. Ear mites in cats can block the animal’s ear canal and sometimes even make your pet scratch so much that the blood vessels in the ear may rupture, causing a hematoma in the ear flint, which requires surgery. Also disturbing is when cats scratch their ears to the point that infection may occur in the ear canals or ear drums.

This type of mange is common in young cats, although it can occur at any age.

It is known to be very infectious, and it often passes from parents to new-born cats, and between animals of different types.  Ear Mites in cats also commonly spread to other parts of the body.

What is the cause of mites in cats??

Cat ear mites are small parasites whose life cycle mostly lives within the ear canal. It is very common and can cause severe irritation and itchy ears. The most common ear mite for cats is Otodectes cynotis, so infection of ear mites is sometimes called “otodectic mange”.

Cat ear mites live primarily in the ear canal, where they feed on skin debris. Its presence causes inflammation, and it can also lead to secondary infections in the ear. Eggs are laid in the ear, and it takes three weeks for the eggs to hatch and develop into adult mites that can reproduce.ear mites in cats

While ear mites in cats are generally found in the ears, it can also wander around the body, causing irritation and itchy skin as well.

Ear mites in cats almost microscopic, “pinhead-sized.” But their small bodies can be seen moving quickly with the naked eye

What are the symptoms of mites in cats ??

It is not difficult to recognize ear mites in cats based on the behaviour and appearance of your pet. However, the mites themselves are generally so small that they cannot be seen with the naked eye. The most common signs of ear mites in cats include:

Itchy ears, head and neck (What are the causes of itching in cats??)

Generalized itching sometimes

Excessive scratching in the ears and around the head

Head shaking frequently

Thick red or black brown scales in the outer ear

Ground coffee is like bumps in the ear canal

Abrasions and scratches on the back side of the ears

Scales from the wounds on the neck, chest, and tail

Transmission of cat ear mitesear mites in cats

mites in cats are highly infectious, moving from one cat to another who are in close contact and eventually making their way to the ear. The infection is very common in cats that live outside the home, whether it is a fight or cuddling up affectionately.ear mites in cats

How to diagnose ear mites in cats??

The diagnosis of ear mites is confirmed in cats when mites are found in a sample of ear secretions examined under a microscope. Sometimes mites can be seen as small white spots that move in the ear (when using a magnifying glass to examine the ear).

The vet can also easily diagnose invasive ear mites in suspected cats using an otoscope, a flashlight-like tool used to explore the depths of the ear.ear mites in cats

It is necessary to ensure the presence of mites to distinguish ear mites from other ear infections, so do not try to diagnose at home. Always consult a veterinarian before starting any course of treatment.

How to treat ear mites in cats?? What are the methods of prevention??

cat ear mitesThere are several alternatives to treating ear mites in cats, and your veterinarian will recommend a protocol for treating your pet. Over-the-counter medications are often less effective or require extended treatment times compared to those prescribed by your veterinarian. 

In fact, some modern drugs require only one application to be effective.

First, thorough cleaning of the ears can help remove secretions to help calm irritation and remove some mites. This can be pursued in one of several ways:

One-time medication therapies can be successful.

One-time treatments applied to the skin are used as monthly anti-parasite medications; A single dose is usually sufficient to treat an ear mites in cats, but you can consider using it monthly to prevent re-infection and control other pests.

Repeated drug treatments applied to the ear may be required.

Ivermectin can also be used by injection; This use is an off-label use for ear mites in cats.

It is important to carefully follow the veterinary dosage schedule recommended for a successful treatment of cat’s ears (usually twice a day for a week or more). Although it takes longer to apply, there are some medications that can calm inflammation and treat secondary bacterial or yeast infections.

Post-treatment for ear mites in cats, as well as ongoing maintenance  of the cat’s ears from infection, can generally be done at home – as long as the owner has received appropriate instructions from the vet.

All pets should be treated at home at the same time, even if they have no symptoms.

Aside from relieving animal discomfort, treatment can reduce infection caused by deformation of the ears and the face caused by aggressive scratching without interruption.

Veterinary care can also prevent a serious ear disease called otitis externa, an infection in the outer ear that can develop into the middle and inner ear and damage the ear cylinder, if not treated, which may permanently affect the animal’s hearing and sense of balance.ear mites in cats

Diagnosis is good for most patients. A month after starting treatment, the vet will make a follow-up appointment to clear the cat’s ears and perform a general examination

Can ear mites in cats affects humans?

Ear mites in cats do not survive for long in humans, so they do not cause long-term infections in humans. However, very rarely, ear mites may transiently attach to humans – on arms or extremities – and produce a transient rash.

Finally, If you suspect your pet is sick, call your vet immediately. For health-related questions, always consult your veterinarian, as they have examined your pet, know the pet’s health history, and can make the best recommendations for your pet.

Sources:

https://www.vet.cornell.edu/departments-centers-and-institutes/cornell-feline-health-center/health-information/feline-health-topics/ear-mites-tiny-critters-can-pose-major-threat

https://www.hillspet.com/cat-care/routine-care/ear-mites-in-cats

https://www.petmd.com/cat/conditions/infectious-parasitic/c_ct_ear_mites?page=2

https://www.thesprucepets.com/about-ear-mites-dogs-and-cats-3384667

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